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Maintaining the health and functionality of your garage door springs is essential for the overall well-being of your garage door system. The garage door spring plays a pivotal role in the smooth operation of the door, and neglecting its care can lead to premature wear, malfunctions, and potential safety hazards. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore effective ways to care for garage door springs, ensuring they remain in optimal condition for years to come.

Understanding the Types of Garage Door Springs

Before delving into maintenance practices, KRS Holdings team in Richmond advises it’s crucial to understand the two main types of garage door springs: extension springs and torsion springs.

Extension Springs:

Location: Situated on either side of the door.

Mechanism: Stretch and contract to provide tension.

Maintenance Focus: Regular inspection for wear, rust, and proper alignment.

Torsion Springs:

Location: Horizontally mounted above the door.

Mechanism: Twist or torque to generate lifting force.

Maintenance Focus: Lubrication, balance checks, and visual inspections for any signs of wear or damage.

Maintenance Comparison for Extension and Torsion Springs

Maintenance Activity Extension Springs Torsion Springs
Lubrication Apply lubricant to ensure smooth stretching. Lubricate to reduce friction during torquing.
Visual Inspection Regularly inspect for wear, rust, and alignment. Check for wear, damage, and proper alignment.
Balance Checks Verify the door’s balance to prevent strain. Perform balance checks for even torquing.
Rust Prevention Apply rust-resistant coating as needed. Address rust promptly to prevent corrosion.

Essential Maintenance Practices

Regular Lubrication:

Why: Lubrication is crucial for minimizing friction between the coils and promoting smooth operation.

How: Apply a silicone-based lubricant to the springs, ensuring an even coating along the entire length. Perform this task every six months or more frequently if you notice any signs of stiffness or squeaking.

Visual Inspections:

Why: Regular visual inspections help identify signs of wear, rust, or misalignment before they escalate into larger issues.

How: Examine the springs visually, checking for any visible wear, rust, or misalignment. If you notice any problems, address them promptly to prevent further damage.

Balance Checks:

Why: An imbalanced garage door puts undue stress on the springs, leading to premature wear and potential malfunctions.

How: Test the balance of your garage door by manually opening it halfway. If the door stays in place, it is properly balanced. If it moves up or down, it may indicate a balance issue that requires adjustment.

Rust Prevention:

Why: Rust can compromise the structural integrity of the springs, leading to breakage and potential safety hazards.

How: Apply a rust-resistant coating to the springs, especially if you live in a humid or coastal area. If rust is already present, use a wire brush to remove it, and then apply a rust-inhibiting spray.

Professional Inspection:

Why: While regular maintenance is essential, a professional inspection at least once a year can catch potential issues that may not be visible to the untrained eye.

How: Schedule an annual inspection with a qualified technician who can assess the overall health of your garage door system, including the springs.


Caring for garage door springs is a fundamental aspect of home maintenance that directly impacts the longevity and efficiency of your garage door system. By incorporating regular lubrication, visual inspections, balance checks, rust prevention, and professional inspections into your routine, you can ensure that your garage door springs remain in optimal condition. A small investment of time and effort in maintenance can go a long way in preventing costly repairs and ensuring the safety and functionality of your garage door for years to come.