Type 2 diabetes mellitus, or T2DM, is a disease that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by high blood sugar and low production of the hormone insulin. Several traditional treatment methods, such as a healthy or sugar-free diet, physical exercise, and medication like Jardiance 10 mg tablet, have been influential in treating this disease.
According to a report by the journal Nature Reviews Endocrinology, Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the major health crises of our time. Its prevalence is expected to increase by more than 50% by 2045. Cutting-edge therapies are crucial for controlling and treating type 2 diabetes. In this article, we will learn some of the most favorable advancements in the field of diabetes prevention. These cutting-edge therapies are improving the life of people living with type 2 diabetes.
Cutting-Edge Therapies to Control Type 2 Diabetes
The rapidly advancing medical research has introduced these advanced therapies that promise controlling and treating type 2 diabetes disease. These therapies include artificial inhaled, infused, and surgical methods to reduce body weight and improve insulin sensitivity.
As these innovative therapies continue to evolve, the future of type 2 diabetes management holds great promise, providing hope for millions affected by this chronic condition. Together, these advancements pave the way for a brighter, healthier future for individuals living with type 2 diabetes.
Artificial Pancreas Systems (APS)
The artificial pancreas system is a Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) combined with an insulin pump. CGM includes using a small sensor placed under the skin to note glucose levels throughout the day and night. The sensor transmits accurate glucose data to a smartphone, allowing users to monitor their blood sugar levels, identify patterns, and make knowledgeable decisions about their treatment.
APS mimics the function of a healthy pancreas and adjusts insulin infusion rates to support optimal blood sugar levels. This technology calculates and supplies precise insulin doses, reducing the risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and hyperglycemia (high blood sugar). This system improves glycemic control and reduces the burden of diabetes management by providing automated insulin management. Using APS, the diabetic patients get freedom and flexibility in their everyday lives from diabetes-related complications.
Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery
Bariatric and metabolic surgery is a highly effective therapy for type 2 diabetes control. The origin of these therapies was initially for weight loss purposes. Eventually, this surgical intervention has shown remarkable outcomes in improving glucose control in individuals with type 2 diabetes. This surgery alters the anatomy of the digestive system and improves metabolic changes to enhance insulin sensitivity.
It includes gastric banding, gastric bypass, and sleeve gastrectomy. Gastric banding is the placement of an adjustable band around the stomach to limit food intake. Gastric bypass alters the digestive system surgically to encourage weight loss. Sleeve gastrectomy is surgically reducing the size of the stomach to improve weight loss. These surgeries improve the overall insulin sensitivity of the body and balance a healthy blood sugar level.
Pharmacogenomics and Precision Medicine
Pharmacogenomics examines how a person’s genetics influences his response to medications. It allows healthcare professionals to personalize treatment for each patient. This approach helps doctors to select medications and dosages for individuals. It also helps in optimizing therapeutic outcomes while minimizing adverse reactions. Pharmacogenomic information is on the labels of around 200 medications reported by the National Institute of General Medical Sciences.
Precision medicine is a broader term that includes genetics and tailors treatment plans to each patient’s distinctive characteristics. It considers factors such as age, gender, and lifestyle. By integrating the principles of pharmacogenomics and precision medicine, healthcare providers can enhance medication effectiveness. It reduces trial-and-error processes and enhances overall diabetes management for individuals with type 2 diabetes.
Advanced Insulin Delivery Systems
Automated insulin delivery (AID) systems include the continuous infusion of insulin subcutaneously. Regular monitoring of the glycemic condition with this injectable insulin is also crucial to get the algorithm. The heterogeneous nature of T2DM requires personalized glycemic goals. The results of the AID system have led to its extensive use among individuals with T2DM.
Inhalable insulin, for instance, offers a non-invasive alternative to injectable insulin. Smart insulin pens and wearable insulin patches are also being developed, allowing more convenient insulin delivery. Insulin pens provide a convenient and sensitive way to assist insulin.
On the other hand, Wearable insulin patches offer an alternative to subcutaneous injections by delivering insulin through a small device attached to the outer layer of the skin, eliminating the need for numerous daily injections. These advancements aim to improve medication adherence, enhance user experience, and provide individuals with some freedom and flexibility in living their lives by controlling and treating type 2 diabetes.
Several oral medications like Jardiance 10 mg tablet help manage type 2 diabetes and improve cells’ metabolism and insulin absorption. It will improve insulin sensitivity and stimulate insulin release from the pancreas. These medications improve cells’ sensitivity to insulin and reduce the ability of the liver to make and release sugar. But you need to consult your healthcare professional for the prescription of these medications.
Some oral medicines increase high-density lipoprotein and good cholesterol and slow the ability of cells to break down sugar. Other medicines improve the kidneys’ ability to absorb more sugar so that a large amount of sugar is excreted through urine. Oral medication helping improve insulin sensitivity is easily available in the best Canadian online pharmacy.
The methods of type 2 diabetes management are evolving rapidly, with cutting-edge therapies offering new possibilities for improved quality of life for those suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus. Continuous Glucose Monitoring and Artificial Pancreas Systems help in minimizing intricacies and enable better glycemic control. Bariatric and metabolic surgeries have shown remarkable results in controlling and treating type 2 diabetes. Particularly, in managing blood sugar with insulin in individuals with obesity.
The field of pharmacogenomics and precision medicine empowers healthcare professionals to tailor treatments based on genetic profiles, optimizing medication effectiveness and reducing adverse events. Advanced insulin delivery systems make insulin administration more user-friendly and convenient.