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Tires are among the most critical components in a vehicle’s performance and reliability, and tire technology is evolving at a rapid pace. Tires have seen several technical breakthroughs from the dawn of the automobile to the present day.

Improved raw resources and chemical compounds have resulted in more functional tires. Technology continues to advance tire efficiency, whether it is the compounds that provide greater grip on icy roads or compounds that promote better wet handling. Tread patterns, sidewall design, and overall tire manufacturing advancements have made today’s higher-performance tires more dependable than ever.

Tire design is a blend of artwork, technology, and science. It’s a never-ending activity with a realm of objective conflicts, where enhancing one area of performance will have an impact on another. Engineers working on tire development strive to establish the optimum safety efficiency balance while giving the intended look and ensuring that the expected cost is reached.

New types of vehicles provide new challenges for tire manufacturers, whereas unique material discoveries and tire designs produce greener, more sustainable solutions. Major tire producers are trying relentlessly to invest in developing tires and discovering new methods to connect tires to repair facilities and roadways.

It all begins with the performance

Giti Tire’s core values include quality and consistency in manufacturing. To fulfil the demanding requirements of today’s consumers, their distributors and drivers rely on the highest-quality products, which necessitate substantial research, production equipment, materials, human resources, and quality control.

Performance specifications are the foundation of modern tire manufacturing. A set of specifications will explicitly state whether engineers are building a tire for OEMs or the substitute market. OEM refers to the tire’s performance standards, which are specified for a particular vehicle or vehicle by OE manufacturers. The performance specifications for replacement tires, on the other hand, come from a group of product designers.

The majority of a team’s work is spent collecting VOC, or voice of consumers, assessing existing product performance, examining customer input, and press testing data. They analyse the numbers to come up with a detailed specification for a new tire line or a certain tire.

Steps in the development process

Tire engineers have high expectations when it comes to tire development. Tire manufacturers invest massive amounts of financial resources each year in research and development (R&D) to produce useful prediction tools, cutting-edge materials, and innovative tire manufacturing methods for development experts to use.

These technologies assist development engineers in creating the best tire on the market. With the help of advanced technologies, they can even simulate every aspect of the tire and forecast its performance before spending funds on manufacturing.

Giti Tire Global One R&D continues to grow and coordinate its technology resources in response to constantly evolving automotive trends. Owing to its technological centres strategically positioned in the U.S., the United Kingdom, Germany, China, and Indonesia, it can also perform efficiently and quickly on specific geographical challenges.

Professional engineers work relentlessly to build competitive innovations in motorsports events at Challenging Racing Extremes, a major R&D platform. The fineness of these tire technologies is constantly transferred into superior and safer tires for Giti customers’ everyday driving. Taking tires to the racetrack in the most severe conditions and doing extensive testing is one of the most productive R&D tactics.

Components of tire design

Engineers have four unique aspects to deal with in order to meet complicated performance criteria. These factors, as well as their interactions, will determine ultimate tire performance. The four components are as follows:

  • Tire Tread Pattern
  • Tire Construction
  • Tire Contour
  • Tire Compounds

Sequences of design

Customers usually establish design specifications for the individual tire, so development engineers frequently begin by generating a tread pattern. The basic pattern will be chosen based on the tire’s classification and segmentation within the product. Parallel to the mould designs, development engineers will search for the ideal tread compound and build the tire structure to achieve the remaining performance.

With a focus on wet grip, low rolling resistance, and stable dynamic handling, Giti’s strategic objective on the advancement of computer-aided development tools, materials and compounding techniques, and tire-vehicle interaction efficiency simulations also fulfils the strict requirements of global OE car manufacturers.

Wrapping up

Over the last few decades, the demand for increased automation and faster size adjustments in tires has resulted in a major transition in the tire business. This revolution has altered overall layout and influenced tire manufacturing machinery, process equipment, and tire design. Regulations, increased OEM, consumer performance standards, and new tire materials have all contributed to certain modifications.

Years of technical labour and huge amounts of resources in R&D go into the development of a tire. Using its global technological platform for databases, tire design tools, and tire performance simulations, the varied Global One R&D Team creates capabilities using the most sophisticated technologies and cooperative development initiatives.